Comprehensive Literature Review On The Arguments For And Against Abortion In Modern Society

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Abortion is a highly debated topic today and has been for many years. It has been a divisive issue that has polarized society into two distinct camps: those who argue for the right to access abortion as a basic human right and those who adamantly oppose it on moral and religious grounds. At the heart of the matter is the question of whether a fetus should be considered a person with rights or whether a woman has the right to choose what happens to her own body. This research paper will provide a comprehensive literature review on the arguments for and against abortion in modern society.

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A literature review on examine the arguments for and against abortion in modern society Abortion is an issue that has long been debated in modern society and has been the subject of numerous discussions and arguments. The topic of abortion continues to spark controversy and disagreements among individuals as views on abortion vary widely across political, social, and religious boundaries. The purpose of this literature review is to examine the arguments for and against abortion in modern society. The review will investigate the various perspectives on the topic and provide a detailed analysis of the facts as well as the opinions that contribute to this complex issue. Arguments For Abortion Proponents of abortion often argue that denying women access to abortion is a violation of their human rights. Women have the right to choose what happens to their bodies, and the decision to have an abortion should be left to them. They argue that forcing women to carry an unwanted pregnancy to full term can cause significant psychological and emotional harm, leading to long-term distress and mental health issues. Additionally, advocates for abortion access argue that it is necessary for the safety of women who might opt for unsafe and life-threatening procedures. Another argument in support of abortion is the issue of population control. Pro-choice advocates often maintain that having fewer unwanted children can reduce the burden on society and reduce environmental impact. According to the Population Institute, contraception is not enough to meet the demands of reducing the global population, and access to abortion plays an equally important role. Furthermore, women who seek abortions can make a practical or logical argument for choosing to have an abortion. They may not have the economic or educational resources to provide for a child properly, and the decision to abort is a necessity, not an accessory. Arguments Against Abortion The argument against abortion largely relies on the premise that aborting a fetus is equivalent to taking a life away. Abortion opponents argue that unborn children have a right to life, just as any human being does. They contend that the fetus can be likened to a person, and ending its life is morally and ethically unacceptable. Another argument against abortion is that it has significant psychological and emotional effects on women. Abortion opponents argue that women who undergo abortions are more likely to suffer from depression, anxiety, and other mental health issues. Opponents also argue that the use of contraceptives can effectively prevent unwanted pregnancies. Therefore, there is no need to kill fetuses with an abortion procedure. Moreover, they may also argue that it is far more practical for women to carry the pregnancy to full term and opt for adoption if they do not want to bring up the infant. Conclusion The debate about abortion is complex, and there are valid points on both sides of the issue. It is essential to acknowledge that the issue of abortion is multifaceted and requires careful consideration when reviewing it. It is important for policymakers and the public to keep medical science and ethics at the forefront of the conversation when crafting policies and legislation about the subject. Overall, the literature reviewed highlighted that the arguments for and against abortion remain fundamentally tied to conflicting values, emotions, and beliefs. The decision to carry an unwanted pregnancy to full term or opt for an abortion must ultimately be ascribed to the woman and her healthcare provider. Nevertheless, with evidence-based research, policy makers can develop a framework that supports both options, ensuring that individual rights and societal welfare are given equal attention.