Niche Partitioning And Species Coexistence Worksheet Answers

Experienced Tutors

We have experts in all fields.

24/7 Support

Got a concern? Ask anytime.

Cheapest Rates

Cheap rates, best quality.

This order does not have tags, yet.

Page of
Niche Partitioning and Species Coexistence Scientists at Work Student Worksheet OVERVIEW This worksheet complements the short video “Niche Partitioning and Species Coexistence” from the Scientists at Work series. PROCEDURE 1. Prior to watching the film, read the questions below. 2. Watch the film. 3. If working with a partner or in a small group, discuss and answer the questions below. If working alone, think about and answer the questions below. QUESTIONS 1. List two pieces of evidence from the film justifying the claim that “termite mounds are an advantage to the savanna ecosystem.” 2. Define the term niche: 3. The film states that “Ecological theory predicts, ‘to coexist, each species must occupy a unique niche.’” Based on your definition in the above question, explain this prediction in two sentences. 4. Technology has changed the way scientists do research. Provide three pieces of evidence from the film to support the claim that “Technology is crucial for Dr. Pringle’s species coexistence research in Gorongosa National Park.” 5. Dr. Pringle states in the film, “Plant diversity and the presence of termite mounds help maintain large mammal diversity.” Provide two pieces of evidence from the film (one about plant diversity and one about termite mounds) to justify this claim. Patterns and Processes in Ecology Revised September 2017 Page 1 of 3 Scientists at Work Niche Partitioning and Species Coexistence Student Worksheet 6. Dr. Pringle is using DNA metabarcoding, summarized here: a. Provide two reasons why it is important to isolate undigested plant cells. b. In order to use this DNA technique, the research team first collected DNA from 400 plant species that grow on the African savanna and entered the sequence data into a database. Explain why this was a necessary first step. 7. Toward the end of the film, the narrator says, “The Pringle lab’s work reminds us that ecological communities are profoundly interconnected.” Using sentences, describe three specific examples of the interconnectedness of the organisms found in Gorongosa National Park. 8. Conservation biologists in other areas of the world think that knowing more about what wildlife eat will help them make better decisions to protect threatened and endangered species. Explain two ways conservationists could use DNA metabarcoding data to help make these decisions. Patterns and Processes in Ecology Revised September 2017 Page 2 of 3 Scientists at Work Niche Partitioning and Species Coexistence Student Worksheet Plant Taxa Buffalo Cattle Impala 1 Hirpicium diffusum Yes Yes Yes 2 Gutenbergia (genus) Yes Yes Yes 3 Emilia discifolia Yes Yes Yes 4 Osteospermum vaillantii No Yes Yes 5 Helichrysum glumaceum No Yes Yes 6 Asteraceae (family) No No Yes 7 Eragrostis sp. Yes Yes No 8 Digitaria (genus) No Yes Yes 9 Tragus berteronianus No Yes Yes 10 Setaria sphacelata Yes No No 11 Eragrostis papposa No Yes No 12 Urochloa brachyura Yes No Yes 13 Echinochloa pyramidalis Yes No No 14 Harpachne schimperi Yes Yes Yes 15 Panicum maximum Yes Yes Yes 16 Garnotia (genus) Yes No No 17 Brachiaria eruciformis Yes No No 18 Sporobolus agrostoides Yes No No 19 Dinebra retroflexa No Yes No 20 Pennisetum hohenackeri Yes No No The table to the left is from another metabarcoding study by Dr. Pringle. Use the table to complete a Venn diagram illustrating the different plants eaten by three different animals. Label a circle for each of the animals and then place a dot in the appropriate area of the graph for each plant taxa. Data from Kartzinel, et al. (2015). PNAS 112(26), 8019–8024. 9. Which two animals have the most overlap in their diets? Justify your response. 10. Cattle and buffalo share a similar fundamental niche, the entire set of conditions under which a population can survive and reproduce. A realized niche is the set of conditions actually used by a given population. Explain what the data in the Venn diagram suggest about the realized niches of the cattle and buffalo and their ability to coexist. Use evidence to support your explanation. 11. If plant species #10, 13, 16, 17, 18, and 20 were no longer available to the buffalo, predict three consequences to the stability of the biological communities and ecosystem. Page 3 of 3 Patterns and Processes in Ecology Revised September 2017