Environmental Science Essay
Economic growth essentially focuses on increase of the output over a period of time. In this aspect then it is clear that economic aspects tends to satisfies the needs of human beings in the manner that would be ensure the sustainability of the natural resources and the ecosystem for the future generation. It is clear that an economy cannot be separated from the ecosystem in that the ecosystem ensures provisions of the factors of production (i.e. land, labour, natural resources and capital) that propels economic growth. The sustainability aspect can then be evaluated of ensuring that the economic resources are not depleted thus remaining available for the use by the coming generations.
The aspect of the economic growth may not remain forever based on some of the underlying issues which includes; the determination of the natural resources that is the rate of its depletion in that it availability determines our survival in satisfying our needs as well ensuring the needs of the future generation is met with ease.
The sustainability of the economic growth has been altered by multiplicity and beehives of the activities that mankind has engaged in the last decades. Some of the key activities are the aspect of pollution and over-exploitation of the available resources such as in the production of the industrial products and advancement in technology in general which have ensured the over-exploitation of the resources from the earth without any strategies of replenishing them. These counterbalancing forces then undermine economic growth thus creating sinkholes which swallows economy, environment and the entire society. These efforts in today’s globe basically drain the sustainability of our planet since they put emphasis on the aspects economic growth.
Biodiversity basically is the diversity of life across the ecosystem the relationship between the diversity and the parks is based on the on increased focused on the national parks within the national diversity. This is where diversity in the national parks is focused form the aspects of majestic trees, expansive prairie, teeming wild and aquatic life, tender flowers as well as charismatic wild life and the preys. Diversity within the view of the wild life extends in hatch salmon fly, marine mammals, migratory birds, cold blooded amphibians, coral reefs, reptiles and colourful extremophiles of acidic springs thus diversity can be defined on aspects of exuberance.
The relationship of the wild life and the aspect of biodiversity is also perceived and defined from scopes of levels of species in the national park in that biodiversity is believed to conserve life in general thus viewed as the current and next generation stewardship. Park bioblitz evidently depicts the clear relationship between the wild life existence and biodiversity in the creation of the value of nature.
The clear relationship between the reserves and the local environments coexist through undertaking of the local conservation approach by the society. This is where initiatives involving conservation of biodiversity in the park is developed. This is where the community within the vicinity of the reserves are allowed by various laws to easily access the reserves for the subsistence use of some of the resources existing within the park. The local community essentially ensures that there is development of the reserves infrastructures which is a measure for sustainability and development thus creating avenues for income generations.
The relationship between the reserves and the local economy also prevails in the aspects that the local economy contributes to the income generation through development of the local visits to the reserves as well as the relevant government ensuring that there is protection of the reserves from any malpractices that would deteriorates the wildlife diversity.
Some of the credible and sensitive risk management issues affecting the reserves and biodiversity are aspects of reduction of the biodiversity at the global, regional and national levels this is based on threats related habitat loss which have been generated climatic change, unsustainable use of the resources, invasive of the alien species and pollution. However, the aspects of the risk management can be acceptable when there are efforts to reinforce for tuff and strict rules and decision making process focused on management of biodiversity as well as implementing scenarios that tends to understand the underlying issues focusing on either the success or failure of the biodiversity.
Ecosystem basically refers to the natural unit that consists of the plants, animals and microorganisms. The three kinds of the ecosystems that exists within the coastal regions includes the mangroves these are basically grows within the intertidal and estuary mouth between the land and the sea. The mangroves trees consist of salt tolerant trees and other plant species. They support the flora and fauna as well providing credible support to critical habitants such as coral reefs. Mangroves credibly acts as buffer zones through shielding the coastlines from any tides and wave actions that would destroy property as well as well life from hurricanes and storms as well preserving the shorelines from erosion.
The other critical ecosystem existing within the coastal region is the coral reefs, though they cover a tiny percentage of the ocean floor they act as home to one quarter of the oceans diversity which includes fishery and nursery areas as well protecting the coastline from erosion as well as sand beaches. The coral reefs then are made up reef building corals, coralline algae and other sedentary species of animals. The coral community then is credibly made up of collection of biological ecosystem representing the most diverse ecosystems. Coral reefs have diverse economic value for both the local community through indirectly depending on the eco tourism and directly on the fish that swims on the coral.
The last type of the biodiversity that is found within the coastal region is sea glass beds. This is a kind of the flowering plant which s found within the sea as well other productive areas. They include plants such as thallasondendron ciliatum which is critical in the formation of the nonspecific stand which its structure provides a home beneath its canopy for juvenile fish and invertebrates as well home for most coral reefs.
The discussed ecosystems found within the coast are endangered through mans activities especially when used for the commercial use which has been an alarming issue. This is through increased populations within the coastal regions where diverse coastal region is inhibited for the settlement purposes through clearance of the land and intensification of the farming which is chemical based thus interfering with the balance of the coastal ecosystem.
The benefits and uses of both the solar and wind power includes; aspects of renewal and sustainability in that they are not depleted with some time. The two sources of power are also environmentally friendly in that they don’t pollute the environment since they don’t emit greenhouse gases such as methane and carbon dioxide. The two sources of power they reduce the fossil energy consumption as well they are free to use just depends on the weather.
In the Kenyans system and energy power system they have become low cost of energy based on their maintenance costs as well as creating huge potential for industrialization since they can be tapped from anywhere thus used for the development of our economy.
However the two sources of power are inhibited with array of demerits which includes aspects such as fluctuations during the tapping process which either increases or decreases their efficiency. The installation of the equipments required to tap for this renewable source of energy is high based on the fact that our country depends on imported technology as well as noise and visual pollution when the turbines are converting the energy to electrical energy.
Urban sprawl basically refers to the urbanization that migration of the sizeable fraction of the population from the populated towns and cities to low densely residential development over more and rural land. There is thus a credible relationship between the urban sprawl around a city and the effectiveness of the mass transit system. This is based on the aspects of the traffic jam which is caused by the dramatic growth of the population especially if there is use of the public means.
The mass transit system is experience through high number of personal vehicles as well as public means of transport which has not been regulated by the governance of the day. The sprawl urban areas is thus invested with high cost of transport based on the fact that public means is frequently used to ferry high number of population from their residential areas to workplaces. In these areas then the carbon footprint levels of pollutions are high as compared with other rural areas.
In the pretence of creating effectiveness of the mass transit the need to focus on decentralization of the various services to county levels in the pretence of ensuring that there is reduction of the mass transits. The construction of the bypasses also relates and reduces heavy traffic jams which have caused high per capita vehicle emission rate as well focusing on cheaper and high capacity carrying locomotives means of transport which will tend to decongest.
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