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Dissertation Discussion Chapter | How to Write With Examples

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The discussion chapter of a dissertation is one of the most important parts of the paper. This is where you must present your findings and interpretation of the data in an engaging and convincing way. The goal of the discussion chapter is to critically examine your data and to situate it within the larger body of literature. In order to do this effectively, you will need to have a clear understanding of the research question and the different methodological approaches that have been used to study it.

Let’s discuss its definition, goals, and steps of writing a perfect discussion chapter of your dissertation.

What is a discussion chapter in a dissertation?

In a dissertation, the discussion chapter is where you delve into the meaning, significance and relevance of your findings. It’s also where you reflect on what went well and what didn’t in your research. The discussion chapter should be concise and focus on interpreting your findings in light of what was already known about the topic of your study, as well as any theoretical or methodological issues that may have emerged during your research. Your aim is to make sense of your findings and position them within the existing body of knowledge on your topic.

Items to include in the discussion section

The discussion section of a dissertation is one of the most important parts of the paper. This is where you will interpret your data and discuss the implications of your findings. Here are things to include in your discussion:

  1. Description of your findings. What did you discover through your research?
  2. Interpretation of your findings. What do your findings mean?
  3. Discussion of the limitations of your study. What are the limitations of your data and methodology?
  4. Comparison of your findings to other studies. How do your findings compare to other research on this topic?
  5. Discussion of the implications of your findings. What are the implications of your findings for practice or policy?
  6. Recommendations for further research. What are some ideas for future research on this topic?
  7. Concluding remarks. What are your overall conclusions from this study?

Goals of a Thesis Discussion section

The discussion section of a dissertation is one of the most important parts of the document. It is here that the student has an opportunity to critically analyze the data and findings of the study. The discussion section should be well organized and should flow logically from one point to the next. There are seven goals that should be achieved in the discussion section:

  1. To discuss the significance of the study and its findings.
  2. To evaluate the study’s strengths and weaknesses.
  3. To discuss alternative explanations for the findings.
  4. To discuss the implications of the findings for theory and practice.
  5. To make recommendations for future research.
  6. To summarize the main points of the discussion.
  7. To draw conclusions about the study as a whole.

How to write the discussion section of a dissertation

You will need to provide a clear and concise interpretation of the data, relating it back to your research question. The discussion section should also include a critical evaluation of the methods used in the study. This is your chance to reflect on what worked well and what could be improved. Ultimately, the goal of the discussion section is to demonstrate your understanding of the data and how it relates to existing literature in the field.

1. Restate your research problem.

You will want to start this section by restating your research problem. This will give your reader a point of reference as you go on to discuss the results of your study. It is important to be clear and concise in your discussion of the problem, as you will need to build on this foundation in the rest of the section. Once you have restated the problem, you can move on to discussing the results of your study and their implications.

2. Give a summary of the key findings.

In this section, you will want to give a brief summary of the key findings of your research. This will help the reader to understand the significance of your work and how it contributes to the field. It is important to be clear and concise in your summary, as you do not want to overwhelm the reader with too much information. Start by giving an overview of the main points of your research, and then provide more detailed information on each point. Be sure to highlight any new or unexpected findings, as these can be particularly valuable to other researchers. Finally, conclude by summarizing the overall impact of your work and its potential implications for future research.


As can be seen from the results, there are a number of key findings that emerge from this study. First, it is clear that there is a strong relationship between academic achievement and motivation. Students who are more motivated to achieve their academic goals are more likely to achieve higher grades. Furthermore, it is also evident that there is a positive correlation between parental involvement and academic achievement. Students whose parents are more involved in their education tend to do better academically than those whose parents are less involved. Finally, the results also showed that students who have access to resources such as tutoring and educational materials tend to perform better academically than those who do not have such resources. These findings suggest that motivation, parental involvement, and access to resources are all important factors in predicting academic success.

3. Discuss the findings and implications.

Now that the findings have been presented, it is time to discuss their implications. This is where the researcher must interpret the data and draw conclusions about what they mean.

This can be a challenging task, as it requires synthesizing a large amount of information into a cohesive argument. However, it is also an opportunity to demonstrate the intellectual rigor of the research process.

In this chapter, the researcher should discuss how the findings fit into existing literature on the topic and what they contribute to our understanding of the issue.

Additionally, the implications of the findings should be carefully considered.

  • What do they mean for future research?
  • What policy changes or other real-world applications might be suggested by the findings?

By carefully considering these questions, the researcher can provide valuable insights into the significance of the study.


The findings of this study suggest that there is a need for more support for students who are struggling with mental health issues. The implications of this are two-fold. First, universities need to do more to support students who are struggling with mental health issues. This could include providing more counselling services, running awareness campaigns, and offering training for staff members on how to spot the signs of mental illness. Second, society needs to break down the stigma around mental illness. This will require a change in attitudes, and a willingness to open up about mental health issues. By working together, we can make sure that everyone gets the support they need.

4. Give the limitations to the study.

When writing a dissertation, it is important to include a section discussing the limitations of your study. This gives readers an accurate picture of the scope and purpose of your research, and helps to prevent misunderstandings later on. There are a few things to keep in mind when writing this section. First, be sure to clearly identify the limitations of your study. Second, explain how these limitations affected your results and conclusions. Finally, suggest ways that future research could overcome these limitations. By taking these steps, you will ensure that your discussion of limitations is clear and complete.


Despite the considerable strengths of our study, there are some limitations that should be acknowledged. First, our sample size was relatively small and may not be representative of the wider population. Second, our study was based on self-reported data, which may be subject to recall bias. Finally, we did not have access to data on participants’ mental health or substance use history, which could have influenced their responses. Despite these limitations, our study provides valuable insights into the experiences of people with chronic pain.

5. Give the recommendations for further study.

The recommendations for further study presented in this dissertation are based on the findings of the investigation carried out. In order to make these recommendations, a number of issues have been taken into account such as the scope of the study, the nature of the data collected, and the limitations of the study. It is hoped that these recommendations will provide a starting point for future research in this area.

In terms of scope, it is recommended that future studies focus on a specific aspect of the problem under investigation. For example, rather than investigating the general problem of school violence, future studies could focus on a specific type of school violence, such as bullying. This would allow for a more in-depth analysis of the problem and lead to more detailed and specific recommendations.

In terms of data collection, it is recommended that future studies use a mixed-methods approach, combining quantitative and qualitative data. This would allow for a more comprehensive understanding of the problem under investigation. Additionally, it is recommended that future studies use primary data sources, such as surveys and interviews, rather than relying on secondary data sources. This would ensure that the data collected is more reliable and valid.

Finally, in terms of study limitations, it is recommended that future studies address the limitations of this study. Specifically, future studies should use a larger and more representative sample, collect data on participants’ mental health and substance use history, and use a longitudinal design. By addressing these limitations, future studies will be able to build on the findings of this study and provide even more insightful recommendations.


Further study is needed in order to determine the most effective methods of soil erosion control. In addition, more research is needed to understand the long-term effects of various soil erosion control methods. For example, it is not clear whether or not hydroseeding is more effective than traditional seedings Methods, or if it is more effective in certain types of soils. In addition, there is a need for more research on the economic benefits of soil erosion control. For example, studies that compare the costs and benefits of different methods would be helpful in determining which methods are most cost-effective. Ultimately, further research on soil erosion control is needed in order to develop more effective methods of mitigating this important environmental problem.

6. Conclusion.

The conclusion is the final section of the discussion, and it should summarize the main points of the argument. It should also provide a clear statement of the researcher’s opinion on the issue. The conclusion should be concise and to the point, and it should not introduce any new information. However, it should leave the reader with a sense of closure and a sense of the importance of the research. With these things in mind, the following are some tips for writing a strong conclusion.


In conclusion, this study has shown that there are a number of factors that contribute to soil erosion. In particular, the type of vegetation present, the amount of rainfall, and the slope of the land all have an impact. By understanding these factors, we can take steps to reduce the rate at which soil is eroded. For example, by planting grasses or shrubs on steep slopes, we can help to hold the soil in place and reduce the amount of water that runs off. In addition, by reducing deforestation and managing agricultural land more sustainably, we can help to keep our soils healthy and prevent further erosion. So let us all do our part to protect our soils from erosion.

What to leave out in the discussion section.

The discussion section of a paper is where you interpret your results and draw conclusions based on your findings. However, there are certain things that should be left out of this section.

  1. Avoid simply repeating what you have already said in the introduction and results sections.
  2. Resist the temptation to speculate about the causes of your results.
  3. Do not make grandiose statements that cannot be supported by your data.
  4. Do not introduce new information in the discussion section.
  5. Avoid interpretive claims that go beyond what your data can support.
  6. Do not make recommendations for future research without explaining why this research is needed.

Tips to writing an excellent thesis discussion section

The discussion section of a dissertation is one of the most important parts of the document. This is where you will present your interpretations of the data and connect it to the literature. You will also discuss any limitations of your study and make recommendations for future research. Here are 10 tips to help you write an excellent discussion section:

  1. Start by briefly summarizing the main findings of your study.
  2. Place your findings in the context of existing literature on the topic.
  3. Interpret your data and discuss any patterns or trends that you observed.
  4. Discuss any limitations of your study and explain why these limitations do not invalidate your findings.
  5. Make recommendations for future research based on your findings.
  6. Explicitly state the implications of your findings for theory, practice, or policy.
  7. Use evidence from your study to support your claims and arguments.
  8. Be sure to address counterarguments and alternative explanations for your findings.
  9. Write in a clear, concise, and logical manner.

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