COM101 Principles of Responsible Business Essay Task 3

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• You are required to answer any FOUR of the following questions. • Each answer is worth 25 marks (with a total of 100 available marks). • Each of your FOUR answers should be between 500 to 600 typed words (excluding the reference list). • Include a reference list at the end of each answer. • You are expected to research other relevant material and integrate relevant COMM101 academic material in the development of your answers. • You must obtain at least 70% in this assessment. Further details in documents attached

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Rio Tinto CEO, top executives resign amid cave blast crisis Rio Tinto boss Jean-Sebastien Jacques and two senior executives will be replaced after an investor revolt forced the mining giant's board to escalate its response to the blasting of the ancient Juukan Gorge rock shelters. Mr Jacques, Rio's iron ore division boss Chris Salisbury and corporate affairs boss Simone Niven will depart the company within six months, the board said, following a series of crisis meetings held this week. In a statement issued on Friday morning, the board said Mr Jacques, 48, would stay as chief executive until the appointment of his successor or until March 31, whichever was earlier. The decision comes after months of escalating pressure from Aboriginal groups, top shareholders and government leaders over Rio Tinto's decision to destroy the UPDATED BUSINESS COMPANIES EXECUTIVE SHAKE-UP By Nick Toscano and Hamish Hastie Updated September 11, 2020 — 4.30pm, first published at 9.46am Share A A A View all comments156 Rio Tinto chief executive Jean-Sebastien Jacques will leave the company by the end of March. JOSH ROBENSTONE https://www.theage.com.au/ https://www.theage.com.au/business https://www.theage.com.au/business/companies https://www.theage.com.au/topic/executive-shake-up-1nc8 https://www.theage.com.au/by/nick-toscano-hvf8m https://www.theage.com.au/by/hamish-hastie-h0ywju two culturally significant rock shelters in Western Australia's Pilbara region, which had evidence of continual human occupation tracing back at least 46,000 years. Mr Jacques, Mr Salisbury and Ms Niven – whose department oversees community relations – were last month stripped of $7 million of their 2020 bonuses after a board-led review found they had to bear some responsibility. Rio chairman Simon Thompson said at the time no one would be stood down over the matter, because the board had decided they were the best people to lead the critical reforms to heritage processes that were required. “What happened at Juukan was wrong. We are determined to ensure the destruction of a heritage site of such exceptional archaeological and cultural significance never occurs again at a Rio Tinto operation.” Rio chairman Simon Thompson However, the bonus cuts failed to satisfy many shareholders and Indigenous leaders who told board members that docking the pay of well-paid executives fell significantly short of true accountability for the destruction of such a significant site. Mr Thompson said on Friday the dramatic escalation of penalties had been prompted by a series of "important stakeholders" voicing concerns about executive accountability for the failings identified. "There were certainly some shareholders who felt strongly that the accountability was inappropriate and that this was an issue that needed to be addressed to rebuild trust," Mr Thompson told The Age and The Sydney Morning Herald. In order to enhance the board's focus and engagement in Australia, Simon McKeon, a non-executive director and former Australian of the Year for his philanthropic endeavours, would be appointed as Rio's senior independent director immediately. Among the prominent investors to denounce the board's proposed financial penalties were AustralianSuper, HESTA, Unisuper and a group of 81 British pension funds, which made their demands for greater sanctions clear. The National Native Title Council wrote to Mr Thompson describing the pay cuts as wholly inadequate and accusing the board of being "divorced from reality". The blasting of the Juukan Gorge was legally sanctioned as part of a long-planned expansion of Rio's Brockman 4 iron ore mine, but it went against the wishes of the land's traditional owners, the Puutu Kunti Kurrama and Pinikura (PKKP) people, who said they were shocked and left devastated. https://www.theage.com.au/link/follow-20170101-p55u6o Although Rio Tinto claimed it believed it had the PKKP's consent until it was too late to stop the blast safely, the miner has issued public apologies and has acknowledged multiple failures in its communication with the traditional owners that could have prevented the debacle. "What happened at Juukan was wrong," Mr Thompson said on Friday. "We are determined to ensure the destruction of a heritage site of such exceptional archaeological and cultural significance never occurs again at a Rio Tinto operation." In the fallout from the disaster, multiple former Rio Tinto insiders have laid blame squarely on the leadership of Mr Jacques, who made sweeping changes to the structure of the miner's Aboriginal relations functions when he became chief executive in 2016. Bruce Harvey, who led Rio Tinto's global community and Indigenous relations, and Glynn Cochrane, a senior adviser, said Mr Jacques' organisational overhaul diluted the roles of mine site leaders, anthropologists and archaeologists in community relations. Politicians and Indigenous groups welcomed the news of the board shakeup, but pressure still remains on the company and the mining industry to do better. Warren Entsch, the chair of the parliamentary committee looking into the Juukan Gorge debacle, said he would be seeking assurances from Rio Tinto that the three senior executives would continue to provide evidence to his inquiry. “It is not about just getting a couple of scalps and saying that's the end of it, there is a lot more that needs to come out of this.” Federal MP Warren Entsch "I think there is a lot more to be teased out of this. It is not about just getting a couple of scalps and saying that's the end of it, there is a lot more that needs to come out of this," he said. "It beggars belief that somebody up the chain, somebody that actually pulls the bloody chain didn't have some knowledge of this. I hope they don't leave the country before they do present to us." The First Nations Heritage Protection Alliance said the resignation of the Rio bosses was not enough. "Until there is industry-wide reform and robust legislative change, there will be other appalling situations like Juukan Gorge," the alliance warned in a statement. Ancient artefacts unearthed at the Juukan Gorge shelters – including grinding and pounding stones, a 28,000-year-old marsupial bone sharpened into a tool and a 4000-year-old belt made of plaited human hair with DNA linking it directly to today's PKKP people – had placed the caves among the most significant archaeological research sites in Australia. https://www.smh.com.au/link/follow-20170101-p55q6g The loss of the site has highlighted the power imbalance between Australia's mining industry and traditional owners and raises questions now being considered by a federal parliamentary inquiry about the need for stronger legal protections for traditional owners to safeguard heritage sites on their ancestral land. A spokeswoman for the PKKP Aboriginal Corporation said on Friday it had no comment to make on the executive resignations, but it would continue to work with Rio Tinto. “Our focus continues to rest heavily on preserving Aboriginal heritage and advocating for wide-ranging changes to ensure a tragedy like this never happens again," she said. “We cannot and will not allow this type of devastation to occur ever again.” Nick Toscano Business reporter for The Age and Sydney Morning Herald. Hamish Hastie Hamish Hastie is WAtoday's business reporter. Lobby group GetUp flew a plane over Rio Tinto's Brisbane office on Thursday calling for its CEO JS Jacques to be sacked. https://www.theage.com.au/by/nick-toscano-hvf8m https://twitter.com/NickToscano1?lang=en mailto:n.toscano@smh.com.au https://www.theage.com.au/by/hamish-hastie-h0ywju https://twitter.com/@hamishhastie?lang=en mailto:hamish.hastie@watoday.com.au
UOW HARVARD REFERENCING STYLE Why Reference? Referencing is the process of linking what you read with what you write. It is important to reference all your sources: * To enable you or someone else to find the source of your information easily * To avoid plagiarism by acknowledging that you’ve used the ideas and work of others * To strengthen your arguments and add credibility by referring to expert ideas There are several styles of referencing. The Harvard format is utilised by many universities and schools. About the Harvard style of Referencing The Harvard referencing style is also known as the author date system because of the requirement to cite both the author and publication date within in your paper. The prominence of the author and date of publication in a reference list provides a clear indication of the credibility and currency of the resources used in your research. There is no definitive version of Harvard available. The UOW style of referencing is based on the AGPS Harvard version: Style manual for authors, editors and printers 2002, 6th edn, John Wiley, Milton, Qld. The UOW Harvard Referencing Style has two main components: In-text references/citations When you refer to another author’s work in your writing you must cite your source in the body of your paper by providing the last name(s) of the author(s), the year of publication and, where applicable, page number(s). The reference list A list at the end of your assignment which includes full details of each source you have cited in your writing. Sources are listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last name. In-text Referencing There are two main ways to present in-text references, or citations: 1. Information prominent Where the focus is on the information from your source. You give prominence to the information by placing the reference at the end of your sentence in brackets. For example, "the Nuer of southern Sudan lacked any..." (Metcalf 2005, p. 184) "The experience of ..." (Savage, Bagnall & Longhurst 2005, p. 28) 2. Author prominent Where the focus is on the author(s) of your source. You give prominence to the author by placing the reference in the body of your sentence, with the author’s name incorporated into the sentence structure and the date in brackets For example, Metcalf (2005, p. 184) claims that "the Nuer of southern Sudan lacked any institutions of governance; no chiefs or councils of elders, no armies or law enforcement" Savage, Bagnall and Longhurst (2005, p. 28) argue that "..." Multiple authors as sources for a single point Usually used in the information prominent format. You can indicate more than one source as evidence for a point by citing multiple sources. These should be listed in alphabetical order, separated by a semi-colon inside parentheses. For example, Transition to university involves a temporal-relational situational context (Biesta & Tedder 2007; Embirbayer & Mische 1998). * NOTES Page Numbers Always include page numbers when you: * Quote word for word * Summarise or paraphrase an idea from a specific page or pages * Refer to tables, figures, images or present specific information like dates/statistics. * * Quotation Marks * The Harvard (AGPS) and Footnoting (Oxford) manual recommends using SINGLE quotation marks around any direct quote. * If you use Turnitin, be sure to enclose all direct quotes in DOUBLE quotation marks because Turnitin recognises only the text enclosed in double quotation marks as a direct quote. * In this guide, all Author-Date (Harvard) AND Footnoting direct quote examples are presented within double quotation marks. * In this Referencing and Citing Guide, all Author-Date/Harvard and Footnoting direct quote examples are presented within double quotation marks. The Harvard (AGPS) and Footnoting (Oxford) manual recommends using SINGLE quotation marks around any direct quote. If you use Turnitin, be sure to enclose all direct quotes in DOUBLE quotation marks because Turnitin recognises only the text enclosed in double quotation marks as a direct quote. In this Referencing and Citing Guide, all Author-Date/Harvard and Footnoting direct quote examples are presented within double quotation marks. Reference List A reference list appears in alphabetical order at the end of your work. Many people confuse the terms ‘reference list’ and ‘bibliography’. A reference list includes ONLY the sources that you have CITED/REFERENCED in the body of your work. A bibliography includes the sources you cited plus any additional resources you may have consulted in your research. Reference List http://www.awm.gov.au/journal/j28/j28- http://www.dva.gov.au/contacts/site.htm This is an example of a reference list: Blair, DJ 1996, ‘Beyond the metaphor: football and war, 1914-1918’, Journal of the Australian War Memorial, no. 28, viewed 15/5/2007, <http://www.awm.gov.au/journal/j28/j28-blai.htm> Department of Veterans’ Affairs 2006, Helpful Links to Veteran Related Sites, viewed 110 August 2006, <http://www.dva.gov.au/contacts/site.htm> Dolnicar, S, Crouch, GI & Long, P 2008, ‘Environment-friendly tourists: what do we really know about them?’, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, vol.16, no. 2, pp. 197-210. Dolnicar, S & Hurliman, A 2010, ‘Australians’ water conservation behaviours and attitudes’, Australian Journal of Water Resources, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 43-53. A history of reclamation in the west 2000, History Program, Bureau of Reclamation, Salt Lake City, Utah. Malinowski, W, Larsen, AA, Ngu, B & Fairweather, S 1999, Human geography, Routledge, New York. Preston, AC 1990a, Multivariate analysis of nurses’ absence behaviour, Business Research and Development Fund of the Confederation of Western Australian Industry, EastPerth, WA. Preston, AC 1990b, Theories and causes of labour absence: reconciling the economic and psychology approaches, Business Research and Development Fund of the Confederation of Western Australian Industry, East Perth, WA. Rose, DB 2002, ‘Good hunters’, in Country of the heart: an Indigenous Australian homeland, Aboriginal Studies Press for the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and TorresStrait Islander Studies, Canberra, pp. 77- 113. NOTES 1. Always check with your academic to determine what is required for your particular assignment. 2. If there are multiple works by the same author in your reference list, put the earliest date first. 3. Make sure the author details and year in the in-text citation exactly match the entry in the reference list. Format In-Text Reference Reference List BOOKS Format In-Text Reference Reference List Single author - Paraphrasing Metcalf (2005, p. 184) propounded the idea that... Metcalf, P 2005, Anthropology: the basics, Routledge, Abingdon. Single author - when fewer than 30 words are quoted Include the quote within the paragraph and include specific page number/s. Use quotation marks to show the exact words. Metcalf (2005, p. 184) argues that "the Nuer of southern Sudan lacked any institutions of governance; no chiefs or councils of elders, no armies or law enforcement" Metcalf, P 2005, Anthropology: the basics, Routledge, Abingdon. Format In-Text Reference Reference List Single author - when 30 or more words are quoted Begin quoting the material on a new line. Indent it 5 spaces (use the Indent tool to keep all lines of the quote evenly indented). Include specific page number/s. Also, always include the page number(s) when drawing primarily on a particular page or section rather than referring to the source as a whole. In-text use p. for a single page (Metcalf 2005, p. 45) and pp. for a page range e.g. (Metcalf 2005, pp. 34-36). Omit quotation marks. Use double spacing for your text and single spacing for the intended quote. Make sure the quote is exactly as it was published. Much has been written about acute care. Finkelman (2006, p. 184), for example, points out that: There are many changes in acute care services occurring almost daily, and due to the increasing use of outpatient surgery, surgical services have experienced major changes. Hospitals are increasing the size of their outpatient or ambulatory surgery departments and adjusting to the need of moving patients into and out of the surgical service in 1 day or even a few hours. Recently, this trend has been seen in some Australian hospitals and research here… Finkelman, AW 2006, Leadership and management in nursing, Pearson Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. Format In-Text Reference Reference List Multiple authors - Two or three Cite the names of the authors in the order they appear on the title page of the book. Unlike the reference list which requires author/s initials, in-text references use author/s surnames only and do not include initials. When referring to multiple authors in a sentence use ‘and’ instead of ‘&’. When citing the names of multiple authors in brackets use ‘&’ before the last author. Direct quote "The experience of ..." (Savage, Bagnall & Longhurst 2005, p. 28) or Savage, Bagnall and Longhurst (2005, p. 28) argue that "..." Paraphrasing The migrant experience is one that... (Savage, Bagnall & Longhurst 2005, p.28) Savage, M, Bagnall, G & Longhurst, B 2005, Globalization and belonging, SAGE, London. Multiple authors - More than three authors For in-text citations, list the name of the first author followed by et al. (meaning ‘and others’). Do not use et al. in the reference list. List all the authors. Direct quote Kring et al. (2010, p. 72) outline the theory as "..." or "The theory..." (Kring et al. 2010, p. 72) Paraphrasing Abnormal is not always...(Kring et al. 2010, pp. 47-48) Kring, A, Davison, GC, Neale, JM & Johnson, S 2010, Abnormal psychology, 11th edn, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ. Format In-Text Reference Reference List Multiple works by the same author Same author different years Arrange the in-text citation in chronological order starting with the earliest date first. Use a semicolon to separate the page reference from the date following it. In the reference list begin with the earliest date first. The name of the author can be repeated but it is preferable to use the em dash --- with no space before the date. Same author same year Distinguish between the titles in-text by adding a lower case letter of the alphabet starting with ‘a’. In the reference list place the lower case letter after the date with no space. Dyer (2009; 2013) reported that leadership and communication... or Leadership and communication are.... (Dyer 2009, p. 223; 2013, p. 149) "In the last 10 years Australia has experienced..." (Manne 2005a, p. 1) Manne (2005b, p. 14) argued that the corporate media power... Dyer, J 2009, The business communication handbook, 8th edn, Pearson, Frenchs Forest, NSW. ---2013, Communication for business and the professions: strategies and skills, 5th edn, Pearson, Frenchs Forest, NSW. Manne, R (ed.) 2005a, Do not disturb: is the media failing Australia?, Black Inc., Melbourne. --- 2005b, Left right left: political essays 1977-2005, Black Inc., Melbourne. Format In-Text Reference Reference List No author or editor List the item alphabetically in the reference list by the title then date. Do not use Anon or Anonymous. Italicise the title in the In-text citation as well as in the Reference List Cite the work by its title and date. Direct quote "Ant behaviour patterns ..." (The life of insects 1979, p. 23) Paraphrasing In The life of insects (1979, p. 23) it is claimed that... The life of insects 1979, Silver Burdett Co., Morristown, NJ. Redmond, Washington, Washington. Format In-Text Reference Reference List No date of publication If there is no date use n.d. If there is an approximate date use c. (this means ‘circa’ – Latin for ‘around/about’). This is emphasised by Seah (n.d.) when... This is emphasised by Seah (c. 2005) when... Seah, R n.d., Micro-computer applications, Microsoft Press, Redmond, Washington. Seah, R 2005, Micro-computer applications, Microsoft Press, Second or later edition Any edition other than the first edition must be included in the reference list citation. The edition statement is added after the title, followed by a comma. A reprint is not a new edition. It does not need a specific mention. Use the abbreviation edn (no full stop) for edition. Direct quote "Student centred learning..." (Killen 2009, p. 10) Paraphrasing Effective teaching is based on several... (Killen 2009, p. 10) Killen, R 2009, Effective teaching strategies: lessons from research and practice, 5th edn, Cengage Learning, South Melbourne. Secondary sources This is where the work of one author is cited in another author’s work For the in-text citation you might write: As the cultural critic Norman Klein stated in 1997, "the Romantics gloried in the ruins of memory" (cited in Cameron 2008, p. 5) In the Reference List you only need to record the book that you actually sourced: Cameron, A 2008, Modular Narratives in Contemporary Cinema, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, New York. Format In-Text Reference Reference List Book review Direct quote Nadel points to Stoppard’s constant scepticism about autobiography and biography (Carroll 2002, p. 8). Paraphrasing Carroll (2002, p. 8) shows that... Carroll, S 2002, ‘The stuff of theatre’, review of Double act: a life of Tom Stoppard by Ira Nadel, Age, 28 September, Saturday Extra, p. 8. Chapter in an edited book Refer to the author of the chapter in-text. In the Reference List set out the editor’s name with initials first then family name. Put the title of the chapter in ‘single quotes’. Do not italicise. Put (ed.), for a single editor or (eds), for multiple editors followed by a comma. The pages of the chapter are added after the publication details. Direct quote Gray (2009, p. 75) concludes the following "..." Paraphrasing Another demonstration of this is... (Gray 2009, p. 75) Gray, E 2009, ‘The hair of Milton: historicism and literary history’, in DW Davies (ed.), Romanticism, history, historicism: essays on an orthodoxy, Routledge, New York, pp. 32-42. Format In-Text Reference Reference List e-Book In-text referencing and reference list entry is the same for eBooks as print. Direct quote "students taught by teachers with greater verbal ability learn more than those taught by teachers with lower verbal ability" (Stronge 2007, p. 4) Paraphrasing Stronge (2007, p. 4) notes the correlation between... Stronge, JH 2007, Qualities of effective teachers, Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, Alexandria, VA. Edited Book Use the abbreviation ed. for a single editor and eds (no full stop) for more than one editor. Use the abbreviation edn (no full stop) for edition. Write ed., eds and edn in lower case not capitals. Direct quote "Human security..." (eds McGrew & Poku 2007, p. 8). "Hinduism is not defined..." (ed. Flood 2003, p. 5) Paraphrasing According to McGrew and Poku (eds 2007, p. 8)... Flood (ed. 2003, p. 5) comments that Hinduism is... McGrew, A & Poku, NK (eds) 2007, Globalization, development and human security, Polity, Cambridge, UK. Flood, G (ed.) 2003, The Blackwell companion to Hinduism, Blackwell, Oxford. Format In-Text Reference Reference List Encyclopedia or dictionary (print) Encyclopedia entry with author Use the word ‘in’ before th publication Direct quote e title of the Smith, MJ 1993, ‘Anarchy’, in The Oxford Companion to the Politics of the World, J Krieger (ed.), Oxford University Press, New York. "Anarchy refers to the absence of authoritative institutions or norms above independent sovereign states." (Smith 1993) Politics of the World, J Krieger (ed.), Oxford University Press, New York Paraphrasing Smith (1993) observes that anarchy places states in a permanent position of rivalry with each other. Encyclopedia entry with no author If no author is evident and a well known... The Macquarie dictionary (2005) defines a larrikin as…….. source is being cited you can put all (The New Encyclopedia Britannica 1997) the necessary information in-text. You do not need to put this reference in the reference list. Use italics when including the title of the dctionary/ Format In-Text Reference Reference List Encyclopedia or dictionary (online database) If the online encyclopedia is from a library reference database e.g. Gale Virtual Reference or Oxford Reference Online, cite it the same as the print. Do not include the date viewed, the database name or the URL. Direct quote "Descent systems determine..." (Velioti-Georgopoulos 2006). Velioti-Georgopoulos, M 2006 ‘Kinship and Descent’, in Paraphrasing Encyclopedia of Anthropology, HJ Birx (ed.), vol. 3, Velioti-Georgopoulos (2006) emphasises that kinship and Sage Reference, Thousand Oaks, CA. descent should be treated as different concepts. Encyclopedia or dictionary (website) If you have used a dictionary or encyclopedia from a website include the viewed date and URL Translated work When the role of a translator, compiler, or reviser, is acknowledged, the initials precede the surname. This format also applies to compilers, editors and revisers. Use the abbreviations rev., trans., ed./eds or comp./comps appropriate Direct quote The heel of Achilles is "[t]he vulnerable or weak point in a man’s character or of a nation." (Dictionary of phrase and fable 2000) Paraphrasing The Dictionary of phrase and fable (2000) defines Achilles’ heel as.. Direct quote Cite the author, not the translator of the book in the in-text citation "Morality..." (Nietzsche 1956, p. 27) Paraphrasing Nietzsche (1956, p. 27) argues that... ‘Achilles tendon’ 2000, in Dictionary of phrase and fable, Brewer (ed.), Bartelby.com, viewed 30 November 2010, <http://www.bartleby.com/81/139.html>. Give acknowledgement to the translator after the title: Nietzsche, FW 1956, The birth of tragedy: and, The genealogy of morals, trans. F Golffing, Doubleday, Garden City, New York. Format In-Text Reference Reference List http://www.bartleby.com/81/139.html http://www.bartleby.com/81/139.html Format In-Text Reference Reference List COMPANY INFORMATION Company reports Direct quote " We recognise that, in the short term, progress means building trust with all stakeholders” (AGL 2019, p. 2) Paraphrasing AGL (2019, p. 2) argues that the trust of stakeholders is central to their progress. AGL 2019, AGL 2019 annual report, viewed 23 August 2019, <https://www.agl.com.au/-/media/aglmedia/documents/about- agl/investors/annual-reports/agl_annual_report_090819.pdf? la=en& hash=2890C67A39531E9197467BBC1F87B463>. http://www.agl.com.au/-/media/aglmedia/documents/about- http://www.agl.com.au/-/media/aglmedia/documents/about- Company profiles If the information source updates regularly, provide both the date viewed and the source of the document. Financial data Industry reports Direct quote “Wesfarmers Limited (Wesfarmers) is a diversified company that has business operations in retail and industrial activities” (GlobalData 2018, p. 2) Paraphrasing GlobalData (2018) point out that Wesfarmer operates in different industry areas. Direct quote Caltex operating revenue is $ 21,542,137,000 as at 23rd August 2019 (Morningstar Inc. 2019). Paraphrasing Morningstar Inc. (2019) financial data indicates Caltex has the highest operating revenue for Energy industry companies at 23rd August. Direct quote “Regulation prevents firms from both retailing and distributing gas” (Aravanis 2019). Paraphrasing Aravanis (2019) points out the market restrictions that regulation causes in the energy industry. GlobalData 2018, Wesfarmers ltd (WES) - financial and strategic SWOT analysis review, viewed 23 August 2019, retrieved from ProQuest Central. Morningstar Inc. 2019, Annual profit and loss - operating revenue >50000, viewed 23 August 2019, retrieved from Morningstar Data Analysis Premium. Aravanis, J 2019, IBISWorld industry report D2700 gas supply in Australia, viewed 23 August 2019, retrieved from IBISWorld database. Format In-Text Reference Reference List JOURNAL, NEWSPAPER & NEWSLETTER ARTICLES Journal articles Capitalise all main words in the Journal Title (not ‘and’ ‘of’ ‘in’ etc.). The title of the article is in quotes. The title of the journal is in italics. Author, initial(s) Year of publication, ‘Article title’, Journal Title, vol. (volume number), no. (issue number if any), p./pp. (page number/range). Journal article with one author Direct quote Lee (2007, p. 157) draws on data collected from "..." Paraphrasing The ongoing need for remittances...(Lee 2007, p. 160) Lee, H 2007, ‘Transforming transnationalism: second generation Tongans overseas’, Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 157-178. Format In-Text Reference Reference List Journal article with two or three a Cite the names of the authors in the order they appear on the title page of the article. When the authors names are incorporated into your text, use ‘and’ instead of ‘&’. If the names of the authors are in brackets use ‘&’ before the last author. uthors Direct quote Carlin and Ford (2006, p. 79) claim that, "paying executives in the form of options...". or "A further noteworthy influence..." (Carlin & Ford 2006, p. 79). Paraphrasing The group of 100 joined the ASX and other associations... (Carlin & Ford 2006, p. 79). Carlin, TY & Ford, G 2006, ‘A governance perspective on executive options plans - some Australian empirical evidence’, Australian Accounting Review, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 75-84. Format In-Text Reference Reference List Journal article with more than three authors In-Text List the name of the first author followed by et al. (meaning ‘and others’) Reference list List all authors. Do not use ‘et al.’ Enter the authors in the order they appear on the title page of the article. Direct quote Wattal et al. conclude that, "[p]olitics in the United States has come a long way..." (2010, p. 670). or "We believe information systems can provide insight into..." (Wattal et al. 2010, p. 670). Paraphrasing Wattal, S, Schuff, D, Mandviwalla, M & Williams, CB 2010, ‘Web 2.0 and politics: the 2008 U.S. presidential election and an e-politics research agenda’, MIS Quarterly, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 669- 688. Journal article with no volume or issue number An interesting approach to scam (Wychick & Thompson 2005) suggests that... Wychick, J & Thompson, L 2005, ‘Fallen for a scam lately?’ Australia Today, 24 November, pp. 54-60. Format In Text Reference Reference List Journal article with no author Use the ‘title of the article’ in place of the author in-text Put the ‘title of the article’ in single quotes List the article alphabetically by its title in the reference list. Direct quote "During his campaign Obama..."(‘Restructuring USAID: time to match rhetoric with deeds’ 2010, p. 45) Paraphrasing In the article ‘Restructuring USAID: time to match rhetoric with deeds’ (2010, p. 45) the author laments... ‘Restructuring USAID: time to match rhetoric with deeds’ 2010, The Lancet, vol. 376, no. 9747, p. 1118. Journal article retrieved from the Internet Follow this example if the journal article is only available via the internet. Enclose the URL in the ‘greater than’ ‘less than’ symbols < >. Put what journal details are available after the title. Volume and issue nos. may not always available. If there is no author use the ‘title of the article’ in place of the author in-text. Direct quote Findings suggest that "[i]ntercultural communication skills... in ELT" (Xiao & Petraki 2007) Paraphrasing Xiao and Petraki (2007) establish in their study that... Xiao, H & Petraki E 2007, ‘An Investigation of Chinese students’ difficulties in intercultural communication and its role in ELT’, Journal of Intercultural Communication, no. 13, viewed 27 November 2010, <http://www.immi.se/jicc/index.php/jicc/article/view/90/59> http://www.immi.se/jicc/index.php/jicc/article/view/90/59 http://www.immi.se/jicc/index.php/jicc/article/view/90/59 Secondary sources Where the work of one author is cited in another author’s work For in-text citations: Fong’s 1987 study (cited in Betram 1996, p. 9) found that memory ... In the Reference List record only the journal you actually sourced i.e. Bertram reference. Journal articles retrieved from a database If an article is accessed using a library database e.g. Proquest or Expanded Academic, cite it the same as the print article. Do not include the date viewed, database name or URL. Direct quote Carlin and Ford (2006, p. 79) observe that, "paying executives in the form of options...". Or "A further noteworthy influence..." (Carlin & Ford, 2006, p. 79). Paraphrasing Carlin, TY & Ford, G 2006, ‘A governance perspective on executive options plans - some Australian empirical evidence’, Australian Accounting Review, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 75-84. The group of 100 joined the ASX and other associations... (Carlin & Ford, 2006, p. 79). Journal articles retrieved from a database (no author) See entry for Journal article with no author Format In-Text Reference Reference List Format In-Text Reference Reference List Newspaper articles Newspaper title is in italics. Leave out ‘The’ in the title. Use Australian or Sydney Morning Herald. Newspaper article – with author/s Newspaper headline is the article title in single quotes. Include the date of issue (day month) of the newspaper after the title. Include the page number of the article in the Reference list. Do not include page numbers in the in-text reference. Direct quote "In a break with tradition, the Prime Minister’s office supplied video footage of the visit taken…" (Crowe 2015). Paraphrasing Crowe (2015) compares inclusion of media teams to Tony Abbott’s visit to Baghdad with previous prime ministerial visits to Iraq and Afghanistan. Crowe, D 2015, ‘ Anger as media left grounded’, Australian, 06 January, p. 4. Format In-Text Reference Reference List Newspaper article – with no author If the author is not evident provide all the details in the in-text citation including the page nos. Direct quote "A British Ministry of Defence spokesman confirmed..." (Australian 12 November 2010, p. 14). Paraphrasing The report in the Australian (12 November 2010, p. 14) remarked that Breaker Morant... Not required as all details are provided in-text Format In-Text Reference Reference List Newspaper article retrieved from a database Reference a newspaper article from a database e.g. Factiva or ProQuest in exactly the same way as you would a newspaper article in print. There is no need to acknowledge which database the article came from. See either the examples for Newspaper article with author or without author. Online newspaper or newsletter article Add the URL and date viewed for articles found on a Newspaper webpage. Direct quote "China, for instance, is targeting...over 15 years" (Gittens 2010). Paraphrasing Gittens (2010) accuses Australia of being behind other countries efforts to reduce carbon. Gittins, R 2010, ‘Suits us to be deluded on climate,’ The Age, 17 November, viewed 6 December, <http://www.theage.com.au/environment/climate-change/suits- us- to-be-deluded-on-climate-20101117-17wyp.html>. http://www.theage.com.au/environment/climate-change/suits-us- http://www.theage.com.au/environment/climate-change/suits- Format In-Text Reference Reference List GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS ABS Statistics Abbreviate publisher to ABS. Author will always be Australian Bureau of Statistics. Place of publication for printed statistics is always Canberra. Year of publication is the year it is released not the date in the title. Include the Catalogue number preceded by cat. no. (the number is part of the title on ABS publications). Direct quote "The number of divorces has been decreasing each year after reaching a peak in 2001" (ABS 2008). Paraphrasing According the Australian Bureau of Statistics (2008) the median length of a marriage to separation is approximately 9 years. Print Australian Bureau of Statistics 2008, Divorces Australia 2007, cat. no. 3307.0.55.001, ABS, Canberra. Online Australian Bureau of Statistics 2008, Divorces Australia 2007, cat. no. 3307.0.55.001, viewed 17 January 2011, <http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/ Lookup/3307.0.55. 001Main+Features12007? OpenDocument>. http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs%40.nsf/ Format In-Text Reference Reference List Government Department as Author/s It is common when referencing government publications to have the same group author and publisher. In the reference list put in entries for both the full group author name and the abbreviated name. If a committee has prepared the report for a government department or agency use the committee name as the author, and the government department as the publisher. "According to the International Atomic Energy Agency... unauthorised movements of nuclear material" (Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade 2005, p. 12). Long group author names If the group author name is long and cited frequently abbreviate the name in the in-text citation e.g. "International community has had success....renounce nuclear weapons" (DFAT 2010, p. 14). Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade 2005, Weapons of destruction Australia’s role in fighting proliferation : practical responses to new challenges, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Canberra. DFAT – see Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Government Report (print or online) Often the author and the publisher are the same in Government publications. Abbreviate long group names if being referred to often. Put both the abbreviated and full form of the group author in the reference list. PDF documents look like the printed document and should contain all the publication details. Often online reports are the same as print, just add the date accessed and the URL after the publication details. Direct quote "Between 1887 and 1954 private welfare agencies and individuals were authorised to apprehend children" (Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission 1997, p. 55). "Eight events remain significantly associated with an increased likelihood of a mother experiencing high distress they are..." (Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs 2009, p. 36). Paraphrasing In the Bringing them home report it highlights the strategy of permanently retaining children who were placed temporarily in respite accommodation (Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission, 1997, p. 55). Stress is a key factor contributing to poorer outcomes for mother and infant (FaHCSIA 2009, p. 36) Print Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission 1997, Bringing them home: report of the national inquiry into the separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children from their families, Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission, Sydney. Online Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs 2009, Growing Up in Australia: the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children: 2008–09 Annual Report, FaHCSIA, Canberra, viewed 12 December 2010, <http://fahcsia.gov.au/sa/families/pubs/lsac_report_2009/ Docume nts/LSAC_AR_08-09.pdf>. FaHCSIA see Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs. http://fahcsia.gov.au/sa/families/pubs/lsac_report_2009/ Format In-Text Reference Reference List Parliamentary Debates (Hansard) print or online Print Victoria, Legislative Assembly 2000, Debates, vol. 447, pp. 2144- 2149. Online Australia, House of Representatives 2006, Debates, viewed 12 December 2010, <http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/genpdf/chamb er/ hansardr/2006-10- 31/0034/hansard_frag.pdf;fileType% 3Dapplication%2Fpdf>. Victoria, Parliament 2010, 2009 Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission, (B. Teague, Chairperson) Parl. Paper 332, vol. 2, The Commission, Melbourne. Parliamentary debates are referenced using the Jurisdiction (eg. Australia or New South Wales) followed by the Chamber (eg. House of Representatives or Senate for Commonwealth, and Legislative Assembly or Legislative Council for NSW) The title Debates is always in italics. The volume number may not be available in the online versions. Direct quote The then Minister for Health, John Thwaites (Victoria, Legislative Assembly 2000, p. 2145) reveals that "The National and Victorian Drug Household Survey indicate..." The Prime Minister, Mr Howard predicted that "in the foreseeable future nuclear power...fossil fuel" (Australia, House of Representatives 2006, p. 41). Paraphrasing Thwaites outlined the Government’s plan for safe injecting facilities in the Second Reading Speech... (Victoria, Legislative Assembly 2000 pp. 2144-2149). The Prime Minister Mr Howard (Australia, House of Representatives 2006, p.40) outlined his defence for the government’s failure to sign... Parliamentary Paper A reference to a Commonwealth Parliamentary paper would begin Australia, Parliament... If a Commissioner or Chairperson is mentioned their name goes after the title in round brackets Direct quote In the 2009 Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission it was acknowledged that "underground cable essentially eliminates bushfire risk associated with the provision of electricity" (Victoria, Parliament 2010, p.154). http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/genpdf/chamber/ http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/genpdf/chamber/ Format In-Text Reference Reference List LEGAL PUBLICATIONS Legal Cases The following details are required for in- text and reference citations: * the name of the case * the year or volume number, or both * the page on which the report of the case begins The name of the case is italicised. The year is enclosed in parentheses. Square brackets are used when there is no volume number and the year is an integral part of the title, i.e. square brackets indicate that the year of publication is the volume number. If you are referring to a particular page of the judgment, include a ‘pinpoint reference’ to the actual page in the in-text citation. Use the word ‘at’ instead of p. Do not include URLs for cases found online. Direct quote The judge in R v Ramage (2004) VSC 508 stated the "The Court cannot allow…" Paraphrasing In the case of Mabo v. Queensland (no. 2) (1992) 175 CLR1, it was... The case, Jones v. Sherlock (2009) NSWSC 246 showed that… In Northern Sandblasting Pty Ltd v. Harris (1997) 188 CLR 313 at 334 the High Court held that the landlord was in breach of a contractual duty of care owed to the tenants and to their family. R v. Ramage (2004) VSC 508 Chappel v Hart [1998] HCA 55 Mabo v. Queensland (no. 2) (1992) 175 CLR1. Jones v. Sherlock (2009) NSWSC 246. Northern Sandblasting Pty Ltd v. Harris (1997) 188 CLR 313. Legislation Legislation should be referenced as if in print even if viewed electronically Acts Most legislation has a short formal title that can be used for citation purposes. The first in-text reference to an Act or Ordinance should cite the short formal title, in italics, exactly and in full. In subsequent references the title can be shown in roman type without the date. Do not place a comma between the title and the year. If the name of the legislation begins with an article (eg. a, an, the) do not omit the article in the citation. Bills Bills before parliament are ‘unpublished’ and should be cited in roman type not italics. First in-text reference: In relation to action regarding unsuitable goods, s. 74B of the Trade Practices Act 1974 states… Subsequent in-text reference/s: According to the Trade Practices Act… Example of an act beginning with an article: The Commonwealth’s A New Tax System (Wine Equalisation Tax) Act 1999 makes provision for... In the Companion Animals Amendment Bill 2006 (NSW) there is provision for.... Trade Practices Act 1974 (Cwlth). Companion Animals Amendment Bill 2006 (NSW). Format In-Text Reference Reference List Format In-Text Reference Reference List Patents For patents the title may be more of a descriptive title rather than a formal title Identifying elements such as patent numbers should be included If no individual author is available, a corporate author can be used in the in-text reference. Standards For standards not retrieved from an electronic database, replace online database information with publisher information. Paraphrase The particle trap design is... (Cookson 1985) Direct quote The rule from Standards Australia (2009, p. 23) is: "[a]n adhesive label..." Paraphrase ...stated that glass in buildings must be... (Standards Australia Online 2006) Cookson, AH 1985, Particle trap for compressed gas insulated transmission systems, US Patent 4554399. Mccallum, JM 2008, Method for and composition of excipient suitable for use in herbal formulations and formulations derived therefrom, Australian Patent AU 2008100919, viewed 8 December 2008, SciFinder Scholar. Standards Australia 2009, LP Gas fuel vessels for automotive use, AS/NZS 3509:2009, Standards Australia, Sydney. Standards Australia Online 2006, Glass in buildings: selection and installations, AS 1288-2006, amended 31 January 2008, viewed 19 May 2009, SAI Global Database Format In-Text Reference Reference List MUSIC Music Score Direct quote If you reproduce musical notation in your work you must provide a caption and citation. Paraphrasing Sculthorpe's (Faber 1982) Mountains was composed for the Sydney International Piano Competition. Sculthorpe, P 1982, Mountains, Faber, London. Music Score Transcription Ellington, D 2005, Purple Gazelle, Jazz at Lincoln Center Library, Alfred Publishing, California. •include the name of the series Direct quote If you reproduce musical notation in your work you must provide a caption and citation. Paraphrasing Berger's transcriptions contribute to the increasing jazz literacy of high school jazz bands (Ellington 2005). Edited Music Score or Critical Edition Direct quote If you reproduce musical notation in your work you must provide a caption and citation. Paraphrasing van Beethoven's (Pauer ed., n.d.) concerto No 5 begins dramatically. Pauer, M (ed.) n.d., L van Beethoven: Concerto for piano and orchestra No.5, op.72, Edition Peters, London. •n.d. for ‘no date’ for this particular edition •retain punctuation of author names in source Format In-Text Reference Reference List ONLINE SOURCES Blogs If no proper name is given, the author’s username may be used instead. If the author puts multiple posts up on the same day, include the time the entry was posted.- e.g. 12 November 13:53. If you are referencing a comment from a weblog, use the name of the commenter instead of the author of the weblog post and use ‘weblog comment’ instead of ‘web log post’ for format. Include the exact title (Including ‘Re:’ if used). If you are using the whole blog and not an individual post, do not include the Blog Post Title and change the format to weblog. Direct quote "The whole idea of a conspiracy is that it takes two or more people conspiring" (Henderson 2010). ...as Henderson questions, "[t]he whole idea of a conspiracy..." (2010). Paraphrasing Henderson’s weblog post (2010) covers how the meaning of the word conspiracy has changed to mean self-dealing. Henderson, D 2010, 'Has the word ‘conspiracy’ lost its meaning?', Library of Economics and Liberty, weblog post, 13 December, viewed 21 December 2010, <http://econlog.econlib.org/archives/2010/12/as_the_word_co.ht ml> Website or document from a website Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2010, Issues Paper Youth Employment, Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry, viewed 15 December 2010, <http://www.acci.asn.au/text_files/issues_papers/2010/Youth% 20 Employment%20Paper%20May%202010_final.pdf>. If there is no author begin the reference with the title of the document. Include page numbers in-text if it is a long document. Use n.d. if there is no date. Direct quote "Following the intensification of the GFC...weaken markedly" (Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2010, p. 5). Paraphrasing The Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (2010) http://econlog.econlib.org/archives/2010/12/as_the_word_co.ht http://www.acci.asn.au/text_files/issues_papers/2010/Youth%20Employment%20Paper%20May%202010_final.pdf Format In-Text Reference Reference List Podcast / Vodcast If the podcast has no recognisable author, start with the title and put the year after the title. Use the title in the in-text referencing. Direct quote ...."while the octopus was carrying the coconut, it was actually of no benefit to it", Julian Finn explains on the La Trobe University Podcast (2010). Paraphrasing This podcast show is about who owns the fish and the ocean (The War on Fish 2010). Finn, J & Norman, M 2010, Have coconut, will travel, vodcast, 23 April, La Trobe University, viewed 10 January 2011, <http://www.latrobe.edu.au/news/videos/octopus-coconut>. The war on fish 2010, podcast, 9 July, La Trobe University, viewed 10 January 2011, <http://www.latrobe.edu.au/marketing/assets/podcasts/2010/1007 09-denise-russell.mp3>. BP Public Relations 2010, ‘Catastrophe is a strong...’, BPGlobalPR, Twitter, 24 May, viewed 10 January 2011, <http://twitter.com/BPGlobalPR/status/14583761878>. Office of the Prime Minister 2011, ‘Prime Minister Gillard announced...’, Julia Gillard, Facebook, 13 January, viewed 20 January 2011, <http://www.facebook.com/juliagillard/posts/101538903255112>. Social Media (Twitter, Facebook etc.) Before using a reference from Twitter or Facebook make sure it is appropriate for academic work. If no proper name is given, use the username. As tweets and status updates do not have titles, use the first few words of the message as a title. Direct quote The BP Parody account created on Twitter, notes "[c]atastrophe is a strong word, let’s all agree to call it a whoopsie daisy". (BP Public Relations 2010). Paraphrasing The Office of The Prime Minister (2010), updated their Julia Gillard Facebook page on 13 Jan, with... http://www.latrobe.edu.au/news/videos/octopus-coconut http://www.latrobe.edu.au/marketing/assets/podcasts/2010/1007 http://twitter.com/BPGlobalPR/status/14583761878 http://twitter.com/BPGlobalPR/status/14583761878 http://www.facebook.com/juliagillard/posts/101538903255112 http://www.facebook.com/juliagillard/posts/101538903255112 Format In-Text Reference Reference List Webpage If there is no author or organisation name begin the reference with the title of the webpage. Direct quote "The risk threshold for entry to the Gateway Review Process is high risk" (Department of Finance and Deregulation 2010). Paraphrasing According to the Department of Finance and Deregulation, the Gateway process... (2010). The Gateway Review Process 2010, Department of Finance and Deregulation, viewed 10 December 2010, <http://www.finance.gov.au/gateway/index.html>. Online video Direct quote "Googling is great and everybody does it but not for university assignments" (LTULibrary 2010). Paraphrasing This video shows why you shouldn’t just use Google when researching for university assignments (LTULibrary 2010). The CSIRO YouTube video (2009) reveals ... LTULibrary 2010, Why can’t I just google?, online video, 9 February, La Trobe University, viewed 20 January 2011, <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bp-ZGFd5o5A>. CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation) 2009, Making a difference, online video, 25 May, CSIRO, Viewed December 9, 2010, <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t_1mip1iS70>. http://www.finance.gov.au/gateway/index.html http://www.finance.gov.au/gateway/index.html http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bp-ZGFd5o5A http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bp-ZGFd5o5A http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t_1mip1iS70 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t_1mip1iS70 Format In-Text Reference Reference List OTHER SOURCES Conference Papers Published If the conference paper is available online add the viewed date and URL after the place of publication. The title of the conference is put in italics. Unpublished If the paper is not published the title of the conference is not in Italics. Use the phrase paper presented at after the title of the paper and before the title of the conference. Put the dates of the conference (range of days and month) after the place. Direct quote ‘To engage productively with assessment tasks...’ (Kift & Moody 2009). Paraphrasing Kift and Moody (2009) observe that first year students require an induction to academic conventions to engage with assessment. Direct quote "Students are more likely to persist and graduate in settings that hold..." (Tinto 2009). Paraphrasing Tinto (2009) identifies his four main conditions for student retention as... Kift, S M, & Moody, KE 2009, ‘Harnessing assessment and feedback in the first year to support learning success, engagement and retention’, in ATN Assessment Conference 2009 Proceedings, RMIT University, Melbourne, 19 – 20 November, viewed 8 November 2010, <http://emedia.rmit.edu.au/conferences/index.php/ATNAC/ATNA C09/paper/viewFile/96/15>. Tinto, V 2009, ‘Taking the student retention seriously: rethinking the first year at university’, paper presented at the FYE Curriculum Design Symposium, Queensland University of Technology, 5-6 February, viewed 12 December 2010, <http://www.fyecd2009.qut.edu.au/resources/SPE_VincentTinto_ 5Feb09.pdf> http://emedia.rmit.edu.au/conferences/index.php/ATNAC/ATNA http://www.fyecd2009.qut.edu.au/resources/SPE_VincentTinto_ http://www.fyecd2009.qut.edu.au/resources/SPE_VincentTinto_ Format In-Text Reference Reference List Wallace, P 2010, ‘Gender & sexuality’ PowerPoint slides, SOC1SAC, La Trobe University, viewed 19 January 2011. Lee, H 2010, ‘Charting Kinship’, lecture, ANT2KAM, La Trobe University, delivered 5 August. Australian Bureau of Statistics 2008, Divorces Australia 2007, cat. no. 3307.0.55.001, ABS, Canberra. Course material State the type of course material after the title of the lecture. You can use the subject code or the subject name. Course material is unpublished so the title is enclosed in single quotes not italics. Direct quote "Socialisation into roles is a major impetus behind inequality" (Wallace 2010). Paraphrasing It was pointed out in the week 2 lecture that kinship... (Lee 2010) Figure / Graph / Table Any reproduced table, figure or graph must reference the original author and copyright holder. In the reference list, reference the source where the graph or table is located. The graph Divorces granted: Australia 1988 – 2007 (ABS 2008) illustrates... Format In-Text Reference Reference List Film & Video The in-text references to films DVDs, videos, television, and radio programs should contain the title (in italics) and date of production. The key elements of a film or audiovisual reference are: * Title (in italics) * Year of publication or release * Format (use motion picture for films; use video recording, CD-ROM, DVD, audio cassette, slide, or microform etc. for other audiovisual material) * Distributor (for films) or publisher * Place of recording or publication (for audiovisual material) Although you are likely to view most feature films (i.e. movies) as DVDs, you should still reference feature films with the format ‘motion picture’ rather than ‘DVD’. Any special credits and other information that may be useful can be noted after the citation e.g. Revolutionary road 2009, DVD, Paramount Home Entertainment Australia, Abbotsford Vic., starring Leonardo Di Caprio and Kate Winslet. Television Place the Title in italics, and date of .......as portrayed in About Jenny Holzer (2011) The scene, towards the end of the film, depicts... (Alien Underworld 2002) Woody Allen in Annie Hall (1977) demonstrates the art of... A recent Four Corners episode highlighted the difficulties of About Jenny Holzer 2011, DVD, Microcinema International, San Francisco, California. Alien Underworld 2002, video recording, Tattooed Media and the Australian Film Finance Corporation, Australia, written & directed by Sonya Pemberton. Annie Hall 1977, motion picture, MGM Home Entertainment, Santa Monica CA, directed by Woody Allen. Format In-Text Reference Reference List Breaking Point, Four Corners 2010, television program, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Australia, February 5. 7.30 Report 2015, television program, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Australia, 18 November. What are we going to do with the money? 1997, television program, Special Broadcasting Service, Australia, 8 August recording in the in-text citation. If the program is part of a series put the episode title first followed by the series title both in italics. Add the broadcast date after the publication details. caring for disabled family members (Breaking Point 2010). When interviewed on 7.30 Report (2015) the Treasurer said … It could be argued that the financial situation at the time necessitated.... (What are we going to do with the money? 1997) Images & Artwork Jorgensen, L 2010, Lighthouse Freezes, image, ABC News, viewed 17 December 2010, <http://www.abc.net.au/news/photos/2010/12/17/3095885.htm>. Kamuro (2008) Calmness, image, Flickr viewed 30 June 2010, <http://www.flickr.com/photos/kamuro/2624443012/in/poolysplix>. Sculpture by the sea – Elephant 2009, image, photographed by A. Wain, Flickr, viewed 4 February 2014, <http://www.flickr.com/photos/alexwain/4091011517/>. Online When reproducing/including an image in your work, place the in-text reference immediately under the image. For the format description: use ‘Image’ for photographs or graphics. Where the image is a photograph of an artwork, and the photographer has been specifically credited, note this after the title In the image above (Jorgensen 2010) you can see... Kamuro (2008) illustrates ... (Sculpture by the sea – Elephant 2009) (Van Gogh 1890) http://www.abc.net.au/news/photos/2010/12/17/3095885.htm http://www.flickr.com/photos/kamuro/2624443012/in/poolysplix http://www.flickr.com/photos/alexwain/4091011517/ Format In-Text Reference Reference List Van Gogh, V. 1890, Undergrowth with two figures, Google Cultural Institute, viewed 4 March 2014, <http://www.google.com/culturalinstitute/asset-viewer/ undergrowth-with-two- figures/PgGaehoXTiERQQ?projectId=art- project>. Gaunt, W. 1970, The impressionists, Thames & Hudson, London. Where the photographer or artist is not known, start your reference with the Title of Image. Where none of the usual details are known, i.e. artist/photographer, date, title of image, start with [Subject of the image]. In-Print If you are citing an image from a printed source, reference the printed source as normal and use a page number in your in- text citation to indicate which page the image comes from. (Gaunt 1970, p. 17) Leaflet / Pamphlet Use the authorising body/publisher as the author OR use the title of the pamphlet/leaflet if there is no author. Use the title of the pamphlet in-text if there is no author. Use n.d. for no date. Use c. if you can approximately date the document e.g. c. 1985. Use the word “pamphlet” after the title. Direct quote "..." (New State for North Queensland Movement n.d.) Paraphrasing In the leaflet distributed by the New State for North Queensland Movement (n.d.) it is evident that... New State for North Queensland Movement n.d., A New state for North Queensland : why ? how ? when?, pamphlet, New State for North Queensland Movement, Townsville. http://www.google.com/culturalinstitute/asset- http://www.google.com/culturalinstitute/asset-viewer/ Format In-Text Reference Reference List Google Earth 6.0 2008, Hylands House and estates 51° 42’39.17"N, 0°26’11.30"W, elevation 60M, 3D Buildings ' data layer, viewed 31 August 2011 <http://www.google.com/earth/index.html> Eales, S (ed.) 2003, The Jacaranda atlas, 3rd edn, John Wiley & Sons, Brisbane. The Jacaranda atlas 2003, 3rd edn, John Wiley & Sons, Brisbane. Ordnance Survey 2006, Chester and North Wales, Landranger series, Sheet 106, 1:50000, Ordnance Survey, Southampton. To reference an Online media release: Bailieu, T (Premier, Minister for the Arts) 2010, Coalition delivers for small business with clearways changes, media release, 9 December, Premier of Victoria, viewed 15 December 2010, <http://www.premier.vic.gov.au/html/091210_001.html>. To reference a Paper media release: Watersmith, C. 2000, BHP enters new era, media release, 1 Maps Online In-Print Atlas (with editor) Atlas (without editor) Printed map (Google Earth, 2008) .....the position of the new city is to be north of Melbourne (ed. Eales 2003, Map 36). ...the position of the new city is to be north of Melbourne (The Jacaranda Atlas 2003, Map 36). Motorways are indicated (Ordnance Survey, 2006)… Media Release The description, ‘media release’, is inserted after the title of the media release. Direct quote In a statement released to the media, "Labor’s laws were driving small businesses to the wall," Mr Baillieu said (2010). Paraphrasing Clearway changes were outlined in a release to the media (Baillieu, 2010). http://www.google.com/earth/index.html http://www.premier.vic.gov.au/html/091210_001.html Format In-Text Reference Reference List Personal communication Personal communications includes letters, emails, interviews etc. Email addresses should never be cited without the permission of the owner of the address. Put all the details of the email letter etc. in- text: Author (communicator) Year, format description, day month Plays and Poetry This was confirmed by email (Brown 2012, pers. comm., 3 July). or Professor Shickle (2008 pers. comm., 8 July) verified in an interview that... References to plays and poetry are often more precise if given in terms of acts, scenes, lines, verses, and so on. The following forms are recommended: William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet, act 3, scene 2, line 74. or Judith Wright, Woman to child, verse 1, lines 3-5. Note: Personal communications can take a number of forms and are not normally available for consultation except under special circumstances. For this reason they are not usually included in the reference list. If a full citation is required, reference in the following way: Brown, B 2012, email, 3 July. Shickle, S 2008, interview, 24 November. Details of sources of this kind are not usually included in a reference list or bibliography. Format In-Text Reference Reference List Australian Bureau of Statistics 2009, Education and work, Australia, May 2009, cat. no. 6227.0, ABS, Canberra, viewed 24 November 2009,<http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/ mf/6227.0?OpenDoc u ment>. Coca-Cola Amatil Ltd: Company Factfile 2010, Euromonitor Global Market Information Database, viewed 20 March 2010, <http://0-www.portal.euromonitor.com.alpha2.latrobe.edu.au/ Portal/Results List.aspx>. Fiorentini, M 2016, ‘Hybrid model predictive control of residential heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems with on- energy generation and storage ‘, PhD thesis, University of Wollongong. Statistics If using statistics from a database, the title of the database is in italics. (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2009) For subsequent use, you can abbreviate (ABS 2009) Net sales in Australia for the year ending 2009 were $4,404,000.00 (Coca-Cola Amatil Ltd: Company Factfile 2010) Thesis Technically a thesis is not a published work, so the title is not placed in italics Under Award you might also put Masters thesis or Honours thesis Only put the location if it is not obvious from the name of the institution eg La Trobe University, Bundoora. University of Wollongong would be enough on its own Direct quote A model predictive control strategy was developed to optimise the selection of the optimal sequence of operating modes (Fiorentini 2016, p. 218) Paraphrasing Fiorentini (2016, p. 218) developed a model predictive control strategy… http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/ http://0-/ http://0-www.portal.euromonitor.com.alpha2.latrobe.edu.au/ http://0-www.portal.euromonitor.com.alpha2.latrobe.edu.au/

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Peregrine Standardized Test
I have a peregrine standardized test coming up and I would need a B+ or better, a little info on the test: 1. It's not proctored or over webcam 2. Multiple choice and True/False 3. Exam assesses knowledge in 12 foundational business areas " Accounting, Finance, Business Integration and Strategy, Economics (Macro and Micro) etc. 4. The exam will take 60-90 minutes to complete Once the job start's I can send over the link for the test. Thank you...
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interpret two-way tables for two categorical variables, visualize two-way tables using charts
I will share the excel file my professor wants us to complete. It has 6 problems each with accompanying data sets used for the specific problem ie.(Problem #4, Data#4). I will also attach the professor's slides which can be used to help with what the answers to the questions should look like....